How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication
During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.
Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This process is referred to as detoxification. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.
The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.
There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. Some of these are
- Intense sadness
- Body pain
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following
- They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
- One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
- Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
- Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
- A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
- When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
- Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
- For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
- Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.
People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.
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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction
Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.
Medicines for alcohol addiction are
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
- In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
- There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
- It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
- Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
- By hindering unhappy thoughts that cause stress and unhappiness, Acamprosate stops the users from wanting to take alcohol.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
- It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
- Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.
For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines
- Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
- Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
- Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
- Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
- Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
- You can find out more about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
- Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- It prevents the cravings for use.
- Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.
Medical Detox And Rehabilitation
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. For the ones who are addicted to alcohol or benzos, medical detoxification is a must.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. If patient felt any type of pain the doctor are there for help. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. A person typically requires one to three months to go through detox. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.
Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.