Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction
A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include
- It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
- Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
- The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
- Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
- Public and leisure forfeiture - Some people abandon their lifestyles to pursue drugs. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
- Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
- Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
- Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
- Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
- Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
- Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
- Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
- Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
- Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
- Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
- Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
- Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
- Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
- Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.
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Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.